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( psychology applied to philosophy )



Vision v. Re-vision. What is history, when isn' t the past's re-vision, just a " Holywood-like " storyteller's vision? 

Reflex knowledge. Just like the mirror reflects itself through the reflected object, so Man knows himself through the object known.

Heroic furore. The six senses without reason are “non-sense”, reason without them a castle in the air.

Beyond. Often we attribute to the words of a speaker meanings that go ‘beyond’ the significance given them by the speaker himself.

Involution. On the circumference of a circle: he who believes he is going forward is going backward instead.

Decadence. Whatever survives its death becomes a rotting receptacle of flies and disease.

Cheating truth. Does it matter if man' truth is a partial lie? A temporary hypothesis on reality and life? What do we know for sure? Perhaps the hypothetical knowledge that we do not know? And so do we know? Who knows.

Sentimental interpretations. Quite often we consider “altruism” what could very well be the effect of perfect egotism.

Being and digesting. The importance of nutrition on psycho-physical qualities: is sufficiently demonstrated by ants and bees.

Apparent truth. There are various ways of lying, but most people don’t know but the most superficial of them: telling their own subjective truth.

After Socrates. Only by wrongly choosing wrong can Man still choose right.

Free necessity. Not the individual but individuality is the only evolutionary tool of life.

The many and the few. In Man, madness is the rule rationality the exception.

Virtuous types. There are various types of virtue: the Renaissance one that stems from value and the Christian type,  from moral vanity.

New Age. Today's New Age philosophy, the way things are, lacks a charismatic leader's hand to make a clean sweep of all the machinations plotted by cunning quacks or apprentice sorcerers(as once priests were and many still are). Saint Peter's throne is tottering, the reason behind the catholic church bam-boozling us its "di-wine spirit" transubstantiating into sulphurous water, with a mass...ive loss for the Vatican coffers.

On scepticism. If scepticism as an investigative method is the foundation of every sane progress of knowledge then, as a doctrine,  it is its amusing end.

Guilt and sin. Sin is nothing but the psycho-physical discomfort of acting against our own habit: namely custom. Hence the guilt, unassuaged appetition in the satisfaction of an habitual scheme.

Psychosophy. The sensorial unification of the object with the sentient subject: it occurs according to the laws of mental activity, modified by the sensorial data. A-priori laws only to the extent that they were a-posteriori in the phylogenetic interaction of sensitive life on earth.

Altruist’s egotism. Altruism and egotism are not opposites, as they differ only in the object of their love: oneself in others or oneself in oneself. (Amour propre)

Apparent truth. The subjective laws of thinking are objective: to the extent to which the individual elevates himself to individuality.

Rectification of names. Nowadays “good” does not indicate he who is capable but rather he who is harmless.

Self-control. If nothing else, Epictetus demonstrates that “free will” was only the freed slave’s second psychological nature.

Natural responses. Ask a servant a question if you want to receive his servile answer.

On art. Art creates form and informs Man for whom it is created. Truth is, when art becomes art per se, it is because Man – from whom it is derived and for whom it is the purpose – is missing.

Reflex knowledge. Although mental categories are the thinking subject's laws of knowledge, this does not annul their objective truth, since they originate from the interaction of life with the environment that made that life possible.

Passion versus passionateness. If to the heroic-eros (heroic furore) pertains creativity, then to the erotic-eros its mystical ecstasy.

Physiognomy of sin. Guilt and sin are only of those who go against their own habit, namely custom, and in so doing do not satisfy an habitual appetition of a psycho-motorial scheme.

Vice and virtue. Defects in one environment can be the virtues of another one.

On the mysticism of reason. There is passionality, the irrational love that lets reason down (erotic-eros of mystical ecstasy) and passion, the strong pull towards what is beautiful that makes man look deeper into time and space. (heroic furore).

Free need. Whether he wants to or not, Man will always act according to his intrinsic nature.Therefore only he who accepts it will conduct himself in freedom.

On envy. The hope that especially money does not bring happiness is the last hope of envy.

Psychosophy. In how much and for how long it guarantees our life in the knowledge of the object from which it is modified and from which it is derived, consists the objectivity of our law of subjective knowledge.

Psychosophy. The task of Psychosophy (psychology applied to philosophy) is to investigate how much human knowledge owes to our mental categories, born from  phylogenetic interaction of sensitive life on earth.

Vice and virtue. Social virtues: the civilised end of our weakened vices.

Way to say. "To think the unthinkable": a chaste expression for thinking what is thinkable but thought shameful.

Physiological allegory. The physiology of thought is a fact but, without the researcher’s physiognomic interpretation, remains an allegory.

Prejudice of evidence. Often it is not so evident, when something is too evident to us, the evidence that may not be quite so to another.

Shape and content. A spirit without style is a style without spirit.

Thought on thought. Just like many forms of plant parasites and diseases are prettier than the infested plant, so thought could well be the luminous disease of our mind.

Being and becoming. Just because what we draw upon is not as volatile as sand, we expect our deeds* on earth to be eternal. *(opere in italian: deeds and works)

Transcendental evolution. If "Nature does not proceed by bounds", then are all great men sons of their parents?

Paradoxical order. Is not the platypus, temporary synchronisation of disorder, the incarnation of today’s cosmic order?

On business. Too often and too willingly business ends … where the penal code began.

Heroic eros. Was there ever a man, famous in his field, who was not passionate about it?

On judgement. He who condemned the judge, perhaps judged by taking from others the same right to judge?

The many and the few. The line that separates foolhardiness from courage is in most Men indistinguishable.

Ex-ist*. For man, apparent materiality exists to the extent that it interacts with our senses that were shaped from it and from which they are derived. *( from latin: coming out, appearing)

Transcendental ideas. From the distaste for the hominid was born in Man the desire for God and for the beyond.

Appetitions. Like hunger and thirst so is nostalgia: the appetition of memory for a part of us that is no longer.

Being and becoming. Human beings live in reality, without really knowing exactly what it is.

"Support". It is the cross the perch on which ravens croak.

On the Chinese. After getting to know the Chinese, one understands why Confucius wrote his moral maxims.

Psychosophy. The difference in Aristotle’s and Plato’s doctrines does not lie so much in  their systems (effect) as in their own different nature (cause).

Transcendental evolution. As life evolved from the saurians to the dinosaurs, from the humanoid to the human, couldn’t it evolve beyond the human being? Anyhow it remains the only meta-physics* worthy of being ap-proved, up to western cosmosophy. *( In italian: meta = aim / meta fisica = physical aim / metafisica = metaphysics )

Cause and effect. Who was most suited to be the first to philosophise about free will if not a freed slave such as Epictetus?

Geosophy. ... or perhaps the environment influences Man by accentuating his natural physiognomic taste that made a population choose the land in which to live? This anyhow is what Herodotus, thousands of years ago, made Cyrus say.

Heroic furore. Heart and reason or the reason of the heart?

Cultural meta-physics. Since the times of late Romantic Christian trinkets onwards (unlike the Graeco-Roman times and the Renaissance when physical beauty was an integral part and aim of true cultural meta-physics*), for us culture has become synonymous with an infinite and pedantic bore, dead and detached from real life collecting dust in the archives, better represented by the consumptive Christian saint: the Philistine of all time. A bourgeois cliché typical of Aristotelian ethics, where  only non-vulgarity should serve as an aesthetic measure. *( In italian: meta = aim / meta fisica = physical aim / metafisica = metaphysics )

Psychosophy. To explain the world by redoubling it is to redouble the difficulties; to exchange the rising tension of life, the idea of future being, in order not to be "in the beyond".

Overlook. Sometime things are so "obvious" to be obviously overlooked with wrong conclusions and no answer given.

Knowledge of ignorance. Who knows whether what we know - physiognomic viewpoint of cosmic law – is in the best of cases just a more or less true hypothesis related to the observer who more or less identifies the cosmic actuality itself? If so,what  has just been hypothesised, was not  actually just another hypothesis … to the reader, and to our descendants, it is the likely answer.